The Future Of Reasoning

This video was created in partnership with Bill Gates and was inspired by his new book “How to Avoid a Climate Disaster.” Find out more here:
my twitter: tweetsauce
my instagram: electricpants
The extended mind thesis:
MinuteEarth video on how greenhouse gasses work:
Molecule animations from
"The Enigma of Reason" by Hugo Mercier and Dan Sperber:
"Do You Know Yourself?" Mind Field S1E8
Jonathan Haidt's famous "emotional dog" paper about moral reasoning:
Cognitive Niche:,cause%2Dand%2Deffect%20reasoning%20and
Visual system diagram by RATZNIUM
in order of appearance
all from audionetwork unless otherwise noted
Chillout Lounge
The Crescent
Political Manoeuvres
Pagan Forest Choir
Moon Men (Jake Chudnow)
Glowing Moon 3
Lazy Daze
Innate Knowledge
Houston Keys
Moon Men (Jake Chudnow)
Chillout Lounge
They're Coming
I Can See the Sea
Mysterious Island
Urban Lands
For Leah (Jake Chudnow)
I'll Send You A Post Card _ What My Nervous Stomach Sounds Like (Jake Chudnow)
Going Down (Jake Chudnow)
Lonely Night 2
Turquoise (Jake Chudnow)




  • Can we use this video to start a group with his final thoughts as the objective ? I love talking to people with differing opinions.i love arguing and debating. But most importantly. I love being proven wrong. Because that means I get to learn something new. And I love that the most

    mrgangster69mrgangster69Prieš 9 minučių
  • Re: Lottocracy, Glorious Bellerophon's perfect ways of governance are finally escaping creation I see

    TheDefterusTheDefterusPrieš 24 minutes
  • Wait are most people not aware that they use ad hoc reasoning?

    RinRinPrieš 46 minučių
  • I've actually practiced enough self awareness to recognize when I'm using ad hoc reasoning. Inventing reasons for something that didn't have one. I developed this skill because I cared so much over my entire lifetime of being right and have always been afraid of my own bias. After all that time... I still can't help doing it. It really does feel wired in. Sometimes I have to reverse course and give a better reason that is truer. It's always simpler. Like an instinct. A trained reaction to stimulus. Something was just familiar to me. If I were to take that test with the faces, and I did everything how I imagine it, I'd be much more prone to say, "it felt right." Or more honestly, "I forgot." Or even not be able to give a reason at all regardless.

    RinRinPrieš 47 minučių
  • The reason people disagree are because of three things that stand it to me. One, people by nature use words to communicate that have definitions that don't always align. So when two people talk about the same word, they could mean completely different things. Leading to disagreement where if they were able to clarify they would actually agree. Two, people have access to different pieces of information. Having different pieces of information will lead to different inferences. Three, current emotional state can affect interpretation, exacerbating the first two items on this list. Someone who is defensive or angry will more likely interpret any ambiguity in word definitions in the most contradicting way. This will all so lead to them rejecting sources of information that would otherwise be valid. My conclusion based on the information thus far? Your anger and frustration, in any case, should be tempered and avoided while reasoning. It very often leads to compromised perceptions that are warped in respect to reality, and because of the nature of the mind, it will be nearly impossible to tell. If you feel anger, your ability to reason has already been compromised. And it doesn't matter how right you are. You are still compromised.

    RinRinPrieš 56 minučių
  • Yo V-sauce the revolution! let's not let memes distract from the conclusion of this video

    raging_platypusraging_platypusPrieš val
  • Markets thrive on complexity as long as you leave them free.

    Georg WildeGeorg WildePrieš val
  • It never said marry was married

    Joe's Guilty GuitarJoe's Guilty GuitarPrieš 2 val
  • Hey Vsauce, I have a question, what if your stomach was filled with water instead of hydrochloric acid. If cold enough could ur stomach freeze? Hopefully you see this and answer my question.

    Jacob SkairjehJacob SkairjehPrieš 2 val
  • To this day the thing that impresses me the most about humans is our capacity to organize ourselves with purpose.

    Malvok AquilaMalvok AquilaPrieš 3 val
  • “The crowd” is on average dumb and can not provide a “wise” collective decision, unless in trivial questions like how much jellybeans are in a jar. The people who do make decisions however are often dumber than average and their incompetence is (often) inversely proportional to the power they have.

    Dmitrii ZholudDmitrii ZholudPrieš 4 val
  • When I started to watch the video I thought "this sounds like Talent Land Innovation ONU 2021 Evironmental Challenges" or something like thaht and then michael says that Bill gates is sponsorig ahhahaha

    deltaguestdeltaguestPrieš 4 val
  • Thank you for your mind, Michael, it is much needed :) You have progressed my thoughts that were bothering me to the point, where I can feel calmness and see the "meaning" I so desperately needed. Best of this world to you and your team, peace 🖖🏻🌞

    Nikita ShutkovNikita ShutkovPrieš 5 val
  • Love the comments on the gap in upload times, quality content takes time to make. If you want a shit content factory try watch mojo

    DJ EnochDJ EnochPrieš 5 val
  • daumn

    Thomas KiddThomas KiddPrieš 5 val
  • That's was your best one yet! Good work.. 👍

    Jonathan BickertonJonathan BickertonPrieš 6 val
  • Hello that person in 7 years that got recommended this.

    Chco KrimChco KrimPrieš 6 val

    justafleshgh0stjustafleshgh0stPrieš 6 val
  • Michael has way too much faith in the human race

    GorronGorronPrieš 7 val
  • Woaahhhhh. This was amazing, I missed these…. Thanks Michael

    robertoarodrobertoarodPrieš 7 val
  • This is not a person you want to watch if you have problems of self doubt😅😂

    Celia GarciaCelia GarciaPrieš 8 val
  • The DMT did this video.

    Hello yesHello yesPrieš 9 val
  • Why if Marry isn’t a person?

    vultrosevultrosePrieš 9 val
  • The brain is a head intestine.

    Grigory OrionGrigory OrionPrieš 10 val
  • Even if we're satisfied with giving bad reasons socially, there is a physical reality underneath which can be reasoned about

    Keerthana GurushankarKeerthana GurushankarPrieš 10 val
  • Vsauce still makes videos?

    Noah OozNoah OozPrieš 11 val
  • vsauce for pres

    Selah CottonSelah CottonPrieš 11 val
  • Whoever is watching this video few years in the future remember to add this video to their reasoning

    ross hassjackross hassjackPrieš 12 val

    عبدالرب /aboodعبدالرب /aboodPrieš 12 val
  • Hello people who got this in their recommended in the year 2025, i’m graduating this year

    Bryan RodriguezBryan RodriguezPrieš 12 val

    ARTELLO21ARTELLO21Prieš 12 val
  • This felt like a Kurzgesagt in a Nutshell video. Got a temporary existential crysis, but in the end I came to an eye-opening realization and I am thankful that this video exists.

    ElsYTElsYTPrieš 12 val
  • Awesome video, as always. But now to continue where Michael left off and get more practical. How to actually form diverse discussion groups. So many only want to be locked inside echo chambers with their ideological allies. How to go about encouraging ppl to potentially have their deeply held, extremely sensitive beliefs challenged without a payoff for participating? The rewards for hollering behind the impenetrable walls of an echo chamber are obvious. Total validation. Strong sense of united community. Security in numbers. Satisfaction of the base desire to be a cog in the in- vs out-group machine. Protection from cognitive dissonance. Freedom from pressure to suppress negative opinions. The list goes on. The appeal of talking openly to strangers iseem significantly smaller and less emotionally rewarding. The goals are more abstract while the unappealing qualities are a given on its face. But participation has to be voluntary or the whole thing is pointless. So is it a question of salesmanship and marketing? Would it require an external reward like a few bucks for participating at the end? I think my point is better made if I redact who was the host and outlet, but I saw on a tv news program a couple years ago a group of a dozen or so citizens chosen to sit in a room and just talk about politics, society, whatever. The only rule was to say whatever you want as long as you're not personally attacking or threatening or generally being a dick. The only criteria for picking people was that they ended up with a proportionate mix of backgrounds and on political and social spectrums. It was ugly, and naive to think insults wouldn't be flung. People screamed, a couple walked out. But the rest came back for another discussion, and by the end of it, more than half of the group had gotten together and formed a bowling group that hung out every month. And still talked politics and serious shit but respected eachother's differing views. TL:DR it's possible. But I'm pretty sure those folks was paid a pretty decent chunk of change to participate. Is paying people to participate as citizens of a democracy the only answer? If so, how depressing, but we as a society, nation and species should probably get on that. (Speaking from US perspective) BTW - it was Oprah on 60 Minutes but lets keep that a secret plzkthx

    solidXxXtunasolidXxXtunaPrieš 13 val
  • Hey Michael. We are both born on the same day. Just saying !!

    Omar QunsulOmar QunsulPrieš 13 val
  • This Michael is awesome!

    Emit RelevArtEmit RelevArtPrieš 13 val
  • I love you and always will but ever since 9/11 Bill Gates has not been thinking clearly and has way too much of a misguided ego to be followed or trusted by me...

    Jon DenewethJon DenewethPrieš 13 val
  • I think that Empathy is the most important thing to have properly developed( over-developed is always better :) ) when doing NON-Logical reasoning

    Daniel EngsvängDaniel EngsvängPrieš 13 val
  • Wow you are seeing this 8 years from now

    FteZFteZPrieš 13 val
  • Last few videos haven't showed up in my sub feed. This one included.

    Progster0192Progster0192Prieš 14 val
  • The way Vsauce talks about how lone reasoning works lines up with the neuropsychological premise of the interpreter module which is responsible for, among many other things, constructing reasons for why a view was formed or choice was made _after_ the act occured. He basically mentioned that point but it's another explicit reason why lone reasoning is so limited and group reasoning can calm the churn. A corollary of the value of group reasoning to limit the sometimes arbitrary interpreter module is that having multiple viewpoints not only helps the reasoning of different individuals within the group become more cohesive but it also helps each individual's reasoning better coalesce and make more sense of the cacophony of output our massively parallel brains are constantly churning out.

    solidXxXtunasolidXxXtunaPrieš 14 val
  • I think this is brilliant. Could honestly talk all day about this subject with you..... hell any subject, you have a beautiful mind. The one thing that nags at me about this idea is the people that just want to wth the world burn. What happens when they get the vote on a serious issue?

    Dillon SterlingDillon SterlingPrieš 14 val
  • I am Techno-Sapian.

    Dillon SterlingDillon SterlingPrieš 15 val
  • i love you michael (no homo)

    signsofevilsignsofevilPrieš 15 val
  • " partnership with Bill Gates..." I'm out.

    TIm RichesTIm RichesPrieš 15 val
  • Can't wait to see you all in 8 years. See you later!

    Owen MayerOwen MayerPrieš 16 val
  • this is a tough video but super important i think most people should see

    ninjxxittyninjxxittyPrieš 16 val
  • every time Vinesauce Michael uploads my brain gets fatter and richer in protein

    Venn 413Venn 413Prieš 16 val
  • It's not a Vsauce video until the ominous music kicks in

    Abbas SakinaAbbas SakinaPrieš 16 val
  • see u next year

    Filip RochFilip RochPrieš 16 val
  • Kurzeurgestat definitely made a video on the great filter

    eXtract.7eXtract.7Prieš 16 val
  • 1 Like = 1 more hope for an AWESOME-OMETER

    dave demolisherdave demolisherPrieš 16 val
  • the reason puzzle got me ngl i tried to think with reason but still came to the conclusion theres not enough evidence. i didnt consider the full answer

    ninjxxittyninjxxittyPrieš 17 val
  • You teamed up with dr evil to perpetuate a hoax. Not very smert.

    Demarcus BlackDemarcus BlackPrieš 18 val
  • Who 'down-votes' beautifully articulated thoroughly explicated philosophical analysis?

    Mark LucasMark LucasPrieš 18 val
  • People, what a bunch of bastards

    Law RayLaw RayPrieš 18 val
  • Can I like this video like ten times?

    Luka PetkovicLuka PetkovicPrieš 19 val
  • Your proposal at the end was so...reasonable. Also, there are definitely people who don't pick up on those nonverbal cues though, e.g. people with an autism spectrum disorder.

    LPLPPrieš 19 val
  • The imported tailor neurologically rub because gliding successfully hope unlike a polite drake. tacky, short locket

    Michael TangMichael TangPrieš 20 val
  • 14:15 - 14:47 What I am really missing here is a mentioning of the mechanism of "mirroring". As human beings we are (mostly) hardcoded to "mirror" our other, the person we engage with, usually in conversations, less often when merely sitting back and observing people. (i) It is actually so basic to the ways we engage with the world and our methods of learning, that most people never realize it: when another human being displays certain mimikry, we instinctively replicate those (if you're not a psyhopath or sociopath(ii) that is); we laugh when they laugh, yawn when they yawn. Thus, our brain can trace back the emotions tied to those expressions and infer the state our other (the person in front of us) is in. Call it - emotional deduction, if you will. No reason needed. I often wonder, how different this all plays out, with autistic people, who usually struggle with this. Maybe the first step, the "mirroring" itself, is blocked? Because, if they "put their mind to it" they are actually as sensitive to understanding others emotions, as others, or even better... On a somewhat unrelated note: the ways in which this video differentiates between qualitatively different kinds of reasoning and decision making is very lacking (borderline non-existent); and most of the confusion stems from that. When people get shown said cards a second time, sneaking some fakes in, they are NOT asked the same question; the task is fundamently different. (iii) To act surprised by the "paradox" outcome is actually a case of intellectual sleight of hand, as you fudged the test. The test-setup thus results in nothing but a blatant non sequitur; interesting, maybe, for the people involved, but no more than being shown a magic trick, w/o actually enlightening them about how tve deceit actually worked. i) the emotionally less exhausting method, and thus preferrable for introverts. ii) the latter usually become very apt at faking it to manipulate their surrounding, though iii) this, btw., is also the secret behind the monthy hall problem: not mathematics! But linguistics! The question asked in phase 1 and that in phase 2 ae fundamentally different! The unspoken rules of the game (never opening the door with the big prize in phase 1, to keep the game alive for phase2) are hiding the true nature of each decision... It's a problem of language, *not numbers or probabilities!*

    PyrrhoVonHyperboreaPyrrhoVonHyperboreaPrieš 20 val
  • damn, this video hits hard about everything in our daily life

    il gabrielil gabrielPrieš 21 val
  • I feel like this video requires re-watching several times just for all the information and import to sink in. The vast majority of viewers here, probably including myself, will go ok great I agree with everything in the video, but ultimately will do nothing to change the current situation. It's easier to do nothing. Another survival instinct.

    Matthew CruikshankMatthew CruikshankPrieš 21 val
  • Im so glad I found this channel i hope you’ll never stop uploading videos unless you die ofc. But you get my point🐸💕.

    unknown 0101unknown 0101Prieš 21 val
  • Vsauce should play a game called The Witness.

    Orange MonksOrange MonksPrieš 22 val
  • I love this so much. This video not only gave me so much to understand in order to grow, but also left me a comforting feeling. Somehow it feels like there are answers and solutions.

    JainLaFleurJainLaFleurPrieš 23 val
  • this motif is also explored in Warhammer 40k universe... specifically concerning the orcs.

    John KimJohn KimPrieš 23 val
  • I feel like Billy hired the sauceman to shill his anti-independent thought, science/vaccine, depopulation agenda

    JoshTelevisionJoshTelevisionPrieš 23 val
    • What are you talking about? How is "science/vaccine" an agenda? How is *science* an agenda?

      Albert JackinsonAlbert JackinsonPrieš 11 val
  • The level plate biologically look because toast reciprocally like of a luxuriant growth. low, detailed pelican

    Jeremy HatcliffJeremy HatcliffPrieš dieną
  • Climate change propaganda paid by Bill Gates. Not you too, Vsauce.

    34th Vertebrae34th VertebraePrieš dieną
  • While this is great and all, I think the main fault lies in treating the general populous as a block of people compared to other 'important' blocks that keep a nation running. For example, If a resource makes more profit in some way compared to the population, then priority will be put on said resource, and the few people managing it. Coming back to the same situation of a lot of power in the hand of a few people. Since a lot of the world is based on the idea of treating people as blocks that are equivalent to resources and can be paid less attention to. The entire nation falls apart and the idea of a crowd making a decision just doesn't work. And the only way to stop this is by making the people have a revolution but if the people are too uneducated and starved to make a revolution. Or the leader of the revolution themself might become a worse problem. The only way I can think of is by the interference of some other nation that doesn't treat its people like blocks...Which I can't think of. Can people here help me come to a proper method or conclusion?

    Cipher MKCipher MKPrieš dieną
  • 13:34 firmly grasp it

    William JalaliWilliam JalaliPrieš dieną
  • I don't know if anyone has posted it in the comments so far but a fun psychological experiment in the context of reasoning and social interactions goes like this: So you want to go in front of someone in a queue (for example you both want to use the bathroom in a public place but there is a line since the bathroom is at full capacity). In the control condition you just ask the person in front of you "Could I go in front of you?" In the experimental condition you ask the person in front of you "Could I go in front of you because I need to get in front." People will let you go in front more often in the experimental condition. So even though you don't actually give a reason but sound like you give a reason to your plea it'll convince people easier to give in. This works in a lot of other contexts too of course.

    HerosanojHerosanojPrieš dieną
  • Why didn't you talk about geoengineering

    Harshita SHarshita SPrieš dieną
  • If we even well be alive for 15 years so if we are still alive then we are lucky

    عبدالرب /aboodعبدالرب /aboodPrieš dieną
  • Wow this is a great video with some solid ideas. Good going all these years later!

    Ethan RushbrookEthan RushbrookPrieš dieną
  • Your body is your mind, if you give it the time of day you can feel thoughts.

    A IA IPrieš dieną
  • why isnt this boi president of the united states yet ?

    Ooga BoogaOoga BoogaPrieš dieną
  • Once again, an episode worthy of applause. Thank you

    HazrhonHazrhonPrieš dieną
  • lottocracy sounds pretty great--at least worth a shot. Let's try it!

    xekindxekindPrieš dieną
  • And as always... thanks for making these videos

    Ismael AbufonIsmael AbufonPrieš dieną
  • Michael: I’ll be cool when pigs fly...... but when WILL pigs fly. *music intensifies*

    xXDARK AnimeXxxXDARK AnimeXxPrieš dieną
  • i wish all the people who watches this 6 years later a very pleasant evening

    venomfakiuvenomfakiuPrieš dieną
  • Vsauce's style have aged so well... These is some good fucking shit to get into your mind for the insignificant effort of opening the youtube app and clicking on the algorithm's suggestion... This is some quality content man.

    Manuel CamilliManuel CamilliPrieš dieną
  • "One day we'll be the ancients, and we can choose what that will mean" ... 👌 hit the spot.

    Manuel CamilliManuel CamilliPrieš dieną
  • subtitles having a stroke every 5 minutes

    VexiaVexiaPrieš dieną
    • Are you deaf or partially deaf?

      David LiebermanDavid LiebermanPrieš 2 val
  • Good job Michael. This truly is the future of Reasoning. Thank you for bringing the masses along. People are complacent and need a shake up in what they think reasoning is, how it's done, how reliable they think their own reasoning and worldview is (clearly not reliable at all, but all people, including those claiming to be reasonable, rational and scientific, are genuinely pained to admit this currently and that needs to change), and how we are going to take this forward in the next 50 years.

    Jai SinghJai SinghPrieš dieną
  • If you are looking for conspiracy theorists, click 'Sort By' and then 'New'

    Lawson RheaLawson RheaPrieš dieną
  • Hey Vsauce, Reason here!

    MrOvergryphMrOvergryphPrieš dieną
  • bro... michael out here calling every american citizen out rn! We are all complacent, shut-ins that continously feed our own confirmation bias. And rely on media figure heads to justify our own inaction. Why do we all have "jokes" that we know in the back of our minds are true but feel too powerless to stand against it

    nick thompsonnick thompsonPrieš dieną
  • What an amazing piece of philosophy.

    Sebastian GilSebastian GilPrieš dieną
  • How do we actually know anything

    Digitalx GamesDigitalx GamesPrieš dieną
  • The music is not as good as it was.

    Kind KenderKind KenderPrieš dieną
  • Are we there yet?

    Andrew GravesAndrew GravesPrieš dieną
  • The billowy scorpion likely examine because yard lilly trot underneath a tranquil respect. responsible, sudden smash

    Gassy AstronomerGassy AstronomerPrieš dieną
  • That means reasoning can be improved if we combined consciousness of different individuals in a virtual system ? The combined entity will have a more accurate reason as it is a mixture of perspectives ! The conclusion thus resulting to stronger reasoning.

    Harshit ChaurasiaHarshit ChaurasiaPrieš dieną
  • Democracy lead us to where were are now, so the answer is more democracy? This ain't it chief. We need a change of economic relationships not just different make up for the same oligarchy-friendly system. Your sponsor Bill Gates needs to go and stay go.

    Agora1Agora1Prieš dieną
  • Did we find mushrooms on mars?

    Recruit LucierRecruit LucierPrieš dieną
  • It think this channel is my only source of deep philosophical subject matter...

    Icewind007Icewind007Prieš dieną
  • The fuck is going on in this comment section?

    Isaac WilcoxIsaac WilcoxPrieš dieną
  • No no no. Our hands are our brains personal assistants

    Doge BoiDoge BoiPrieš dieną
  • National Deliberation Day!!!

    MrBananabomber123MrBananabomber123Prieš dieną